The scope of the Central Credit Register
Under the Credit Reporting Act 2013, lenders are obliged to submit credit and personal information on loans of €500 or more. In addition, they are obliged to report the Credit Status of each loan. The Credit Status will indicate for example, if there has been any legal action taken, an overdraft cancelled, or a credit card revoked. It will also indicate if there has been a settlement or write-off of a debt. Finally it will also record if there has been a repossession or voluntary surrender of an asset. If none of the above apply, this is marked ‘n/a’.
While it may be possible that a lender is statute barred from pursuing a borrower for repayment of a loan, the passage of time does not erase the actual debt, and the loan may still be reported to the Central Credit Register.
From time to time, lenders may sell off portfolios of loans and this will result in a change of name from the original Credit Information Provider to the new Credit Information Provider on your credit report.
In addition, institutions may merge or be taken over, and this also will result in a change of name from the Credit Information Provider to the new Credit Information Provider.
In both examples, the new Credit Information Provider is obliged to report information to the Central Credit Register, including their name.
Section 3.11 of the Central Bank’s Consumer Protection Code, sets out the conditions under which such transfers should be notified to consumers.
See the full list of Credit Information Providers who submit information to the Central Credit Register. This list of Credit Information Providers is split into two sections; Section A lists the Credit Information Providers currently submitting information to the Central Credit Register and Section B lists the Credit Information Providers who previously submitted data to the Central Credit Register.
Your credit report is created only from the information that is submitted by each Credit Information Provider. The Central Credit Register does not have access to any supporting documentation relating to any loan, such as loan application forms or terms and conditions. If you require more information regarding the transfer of your loan, you should refer directly to the Credit Information Provider named on your credit report.
Read more information on your rights.
The Central Bank is responsible for the operation of the Central Credit Register under the Credit Reporting Act 2013. Under the Act lenders are required to submit personal and credit information to the Central Credit Register every month.
In order to produce full and accurate credit reports, the Central Bank expects that all lenders comply with their reporting obligations under the Act. This includes having in place robust policies and procedures to ensure all data submitted to the Central Credit Register is accurate, complete and up to date.
Lenders may however find that information which was not accurate, complete or up to date was reported to the Central Credit Register in error. If this happens, the Central Bank requires that we are notified of the error and further expects that such errors are corrected as a matter of priority by the lender.
Lenders may under data protection provisions also be required to write to you explaining what has happened and what action they have taken to correct the errors. This may also require a report being made to the Data Protection Commission by the lender and Consumer Protection at the Central Bank.
You can get a copy of your credit report free of charge (subject to fair usage).
You can get further information on your rights and if you have any queries relating to the processing of your personal data, please see our data protection page, or visit www.dataprotection.ie. You can also submit a complaint directly to the Data Protection Commission at www.dataprotection.ie.
Borrowers include consumers, individuals, sole traders, companies and any other entities that are resident in the State at the time of making the credit application, or where the credit agreement is governed by Irish law.
In time, it will also include guarantors who provide guarantees or indemnities in respect of credit agreements.
- Asset finance houses
- Credit Unions
- Firms that have acquired loan books from Irish financial institutions in recent years
- Licensed moneylenders
- Local authorities
From 30 June 2017:
- Credit cards
- Personal loans
From 31 March 2018:
- Moneylender loans
- Local authority loans
- business loans
From 30 June 2019
- Hire Purchase
- Personal Contract Plans
- Asset Finance
All mortgages are to be reported to the Central Credit Register. If you have a tracker mortgage and are not impacted by the Tracker Mortgage Examination (TME) your tracker mortgage is already being reported to the Central Credit Register. If you are impacted however, your mortgage will not be reported to the Central Credit Register until your lender has issued an offer of redress and compensation. Your lender will have a period of time after this point to submit corrected details to the Central Credit Register. For further information on the Tracker Mortgage Examination, see https://www.centralbank.ie/consumer-hub/tracker-mortgage-examination
The Government gave a commitment as part of the EU/IMF Programme of Financial Support for Ireland to develop a legal framework that would facilitate the collection and centralisation of financial information on borrowers.
The Credit Reporting Act 2013 was framed from the recommendations of the Report of the Inter-Agency Working Group on Credit Histories, which recommended the establishment of a Central Credit Register to resolve weaknesses identified in various reports published subsequent to the banking crisis.
The Register will contribute to financial stability and consumer protection by:
- Providing lenders with more comprehensive analysis of borrowers’ creditworthiness;
- Equipping borrowers with information on their financial profile;
- Giving the Central Bank better insight into financial markets; and
- Supporting the Central Bank's role of supervising the financial Sector and ensuring financial stability.
Yes, credit registers have been functioning worldwide for many years, helping lenders make decisions and helping prevent borrowers becoming over-indebted. In the EU most countries have credit registers including Germany and France. The Central Credit Register in Belgium for example is operated by the National Bank of Belgium.
In Ireland, the Credit Reporting Act 2013 provides that the Central Bank of Ireland is responsible for the establishment and operation of the national, mandatory credit reporting system called the Central Credit Register.
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